Chemistry Department 

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Chemical pathology involves the analysis of body fluids such as blood or urine. In many diseases there are significant changes in the chemical composition of body fluids such as the raised blood enzymes due to their release from heart muscles after a heart attack, or a raised blood sugar in diabetes mellitus due to lack of insulin.

Tests are designed to detect these changes qualitatively or quantitatively compared to results from healthy people.

Chemical pathology conducted in our laboratory includes:

  • General or routine chemistry - commonly ordered blood chemistries, e.g. electrolytes, blood gases, lipids, liver and kidney function tests
  • Special chemistry - elaborate techniques such as electrophoresis, and manual testing methods
  • Clinical endocrinology - the study of hormones, and diagnosis of endocrine disorders
  • Toxicology - the study of drugs of abuse and other chemicals
  • Therapeutic drug monitoring - measurement of therapeutic medications blood levels to optimize dosage
  • Urinalysis - chemical analysis of urine for a wide array of diseases, along with other fluids such as CSF and effusions
  • Fecal analysis - mostly for detection of gastrointestinal disorders